Compound Words: English Vocabulary
In this complete tutorial for beginners’ learners are going to learn Compound words: English vocabulary and go through the alphabet and learn some interesting compound words from A – Z and teach you one or two interesting compound words starting with each letter. so let’s get started.
Before you proceed you can watch the video here.
Compound words are when two or more words are put together to form a new word with a new meaning. There are 3 forms of compound words:
Closed form compound words
The two words are joined together without a hyphen or a space.
Open form compound words
This form the words are separated by space and some examples are:
Hyphenated compound words
This form is where the words are connected or joined like part – time, check – in
and sister – in – law.
Some words have more than one form, for some words both the open and hyphenated form are acceptable as in the light – year , lightyear, that’s the distance that light can travel in a year, it’s very long way and for some words both the hyphenated and closed from are acceptable as in the word easy – going, easygoing, which means relax.
Sometimes compound words are easy to understand – a bookstore is a store that sells books, it makes sense and the dishwasher is a machine that washes dishes, maybe you have one in your kitchen, but others may not have so obvious for example; brainstorm – to brainstorm is an intense process of thinking of many different ideas and the hope is getting a good idea, you can see it comes from a word brain and storm, when there’s a thunderstorm it rains a lot so is the same when brainstorm, we think of a lot if ideas.
A little harder…
Another interesting compound word is scapegoat– it means someone who bears the blame for others. Now, this word comes from a scape and goat, that’s the animal called a goat and its origin is in the Bible which described a ritual in which a goat symbolic we took on the sins the bad actions of the people and was then sent into the wild to die, but if you didn’t know that it might be difficult to understand the meaning of scapegoat.
So, in todays lesson lets go through the alphabet and learn some interesting compound words from A – Z and teach you one or two interesting compound words starting with each letter. Now, there are hundreds if not thousands of compound words in English and this is just an introduction to the world of compound words.
Compound words that starts with A to Z
Anchorperson – A television reporter who coordinates a broadcast to which
several correspondents contribute
Applesauce – a sweet food made from cooked apples
Backbite – is to say mean or slanderous things about a person behind their back.
Backfire – have the opposite effect to what was intended.
Capsize – to (cause a boat or ship to) turn upside down by accident while on water
The chairman thanked everyone who attended the meeting.
Darkroom – a room in which film or the like is made, handled
My father developed pictures in the darkroom.
Daredevil – a reckless person who enjoys doing dangerous things.
Robert is a daredevil.
We visited the farmhouse of my grandparents.
The goalkeeper made a great save in the last minute of the match.
Goldsmith – a person who makes gold articles.
Hairbrush – a brush for the hair.
Jenny sat down and picked up her hairbrush.
Handbag – a small bag for money, keys, make-up, etc., carried especially by women
Invoice – a list of goods sent or services provided, with a statement of the sum due for
these; a bill.
Inmate – a person confined to an institution such as a prison or hospital.
This meaning comes from in and mate, “friend or companion.”
Jaywalk – to cross or walk in a street recklessly or illegally
Jobholder – the written authority given a worker or shop to perform certain work.
Kickoff – a kick that puts the ball into play in a football or soccer game the opening
the start of something
Knapsack – a bag with shoulder straps, carried on the back, and typically made of
canvas or other weatherproof material
Landslide – 1. a.The downward sliding of a relatively dry mass of earth and rock.
b.The mass that slides. Also called landslip.
2. a.A percentage of votes greatly exceeding the required margin of
3. a.An election that sweeps a party or candidate into office.
b. A great victory.
Lumberjack – someone whose job is to cut down trees for wood
Motherland – the country in which you were born, or the country with which you feel most
Motorcycle – a vehicle with two wheels that is powered by a motor and that can carry one
or two people.
Nobleman – a man of noble birth or rank; a man of high rank
Newsboy – a boy who sells or delivers newspapers.
Over throw – 1. to depose, as from a position of power; overcome, defeat, or
vanquish: to overthrow a tyrant.
2. to put an end to by force, as a government or institution.
3. to throw or knock down; overturn; topple:
The heavy winds overthrew numerous telephone poles and trees.
Playwright – a person who writes plays
Rearrange – 1. to change the position or order of things
She set about rearranging the furniture in the living room.
2. to change the time of a meeting etc…
My secretary will phone to rearrange the appointment.
the instructions that tell them what they should do
Vouchsafe – to promise or offer something, or tell someone something that they can
seen when you hold it up to the light
different lengths that you hit with a special stick
Yearbook – a book printed once a year by a school or college, with information
Zigzag – a path with sharp turns in alternating directions.
So there we go you’ve just learned some common compound words from A to Z to help improve your vocabulary.
Here’s the downloadable material of Tutorial on Compound Words: English Vocabulary here.
For more readings
- The difference between MUST and HAVE TO
- Question Tags: Basic Rules
- Present perfect tense / Part 1 -form
- Irregular Nouns in the Plural / English grammar rules
- Quiet or quite / Confusing English words
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