Present Simple Verb Tense | Present simple English Verb

Present Simple Verb Tense | Present simple English Verb

The Present Simple verb tense (also called the Simple Present) is very common in the English language, for it is used to talk activities that happen repeatedly and things that we do regularly such as habits and routines so it’s important to learn them. 

Watch the video below of this full video tutorial.

This lesson will teach you how to form the present simple.

Affirmative Question Negative
I talk Do I talk? I do not talk.
You talk Do you talk? You do not talk.
He / she /it talks Does he / she / it talk? He/ she / it does not talk.
We talk Do we talk We do not talk.
They talk Do they talk? They do not talk.

Present simple – spelling of third person singular forms

Most verbs                                                talk – talks

add -s to infinitives                                    eat – eats

                                                                   sleep -sleeps

Verbs ending in consonant + y, change y to i and add – es.

Examples:

Fly – flies                 marry – marries                       

Try – tries                hurry – hurries

Copy- copies               cry – cries

Verbs ending in -s, -z, -sh, -ch or -x, add -es to infinitives.

        wash – washes        brush – brushes

relax – relaxes         stress – stresses

touch – touches     reach – reaches

guess – guesses        mix – mixes

Exceptions:

        Have – has

        Go    – goes

        Do    – does

 Present simple uses

  1. Facts or Permanent situations

    Goats eat grass.
    Goats are eating grass. X
    My teacher arrives early. 
    Water boils at 100 Celsius.

  2. to talk about activities that happen repeatedly and things that we do regularly, such as habits and routines. 

    play badminton every Saturday.
    They often travel to Thailand.
    He gets up at 6:30 every day.
    I don’t walk to school.

  3. to talk about states or conditions, such as physical descriptions, feelings, relationships, knowledge, beliefs or possession.

    She is tall and has long hair.
    They like mangoes.
    We want a new van.
    promise I will help you.
    You look fantastic.

  4. to describe situations that are more or less permanent. (If a situation is new or temporary, use the Present Continuous)

    They work at a fire station.
    travel every summer.
    She has two sons.
    Where do you live?
    He is single.
    I‘m not Austrian, I‘m German.

  5. The Present Simple is also used with the Zero conditional.

  6. We use the Present Simple to talk about what happens in books, movies, and plays.

    A young man travels through Asia, where he meets different people, and finally falls in love.
    In this book, the hero saves the princess and marries her.
    The main character is gorgeous and works at a restaurant.

  7. Future schedules, timetables, and fixed plans are expressed with the Present Simple, usually when they are set by an organization, not by us.

    School begins at 8:30 and ends at 3:30.
    The plane doesn’t arrive at 2:00, it arrives at 5:00.
    When does the meeting start?
    The train leaves every 20 minutes.

  8. And finally, we also use it to talk about the future after words such as “when”, “until”, “before”, “after”, and “as soon as”.

    He will call you when he has time. (Not ‘will have’)
    I won’t go out until I finish my project.
    I’ll give you the book before you leave.
    I’m going to make breakfast after I take shower.

 

Downloadable Material

Here’s the downloadable material of Present Simple verb tense.

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