Adjectives Ending in ING and ED

Adjectives Ending in ING and ED – Participle Adjectives Uses, Definition and Exercises

This complete tutorial for beginners discusses about Adjectives ending in ING and ED learners are going to concentrate on learning about Adjectives ending in ING and ED / Participle Adjectives which are related to feelings. The uses of the ing and ed adjectives list are explained in this article and it provides exercises for the learners to practice and master these words. 

Watch the video to view the list of “ing” and “ed” ending adjectives here to have the full discussion and exercises.

Adjectives ING and ED ending words discussion

They would be able to tell the origin of both types and how they are formed, the meaning and use of -ing and -ed adjectives as well as give examples of the most common -ing and -ed adjectives.

On Saturday I watched an interesting matched about tennis.

I am very interested in tennis match.

John didn’t like tennis match. He was bored. John thinks that tennis match is boring.

In this example “interesting” and “interested” are both adjectives.

Remember that Adjectives describe nouns (things, people, animals).

“interesting” and “interested” have different meanings, they look similar and the spelling is very similar but the meaning is different. And it is also be same with “boring” and “bored” they are also both adjectives but the meaning is different.

This lesson we will concentrate on -ing and -ed adjectives which are related to feelings.

The origin of both types and how they are formed.

         The meaning and use of -ing adjectives

          The meaning and use of -ed adjectives

          Examples of the most common -ing and -ed adjectives

The origin of -ing and -ed adjectives

In this lesson we are only discussing adjectives related to feelings because they confuse students. They confuse students because they have both an -ing and an -ed form.

-ing and -ed are formed from verbs.

Verb: to interests (example: Tennis match interests me)

The -ing adjective is formed by adding-ing to the end of the verb:

interest – interesting

This -ing form is called the present participle. We are using it as an adjective.

          I watched an interesting movie.

The -ed adjective is also formed by adding -ed to the end of the verb.

                   interest – interested

This -ed form is called the past participle. We are using it as an adjective.

          I am very interested in tennis match.

ing adjectives of feeling: Meaning and use

Here is an example:

I watched an interesting tennis match.

Remember, the origin of the adjective “interesting” is the verb “interest”.

An -ing adjective describes the cause of the feeling.

An -ing adjective describes the source of the feeling.

What is the source of the interest? It is the tennis match. (The tennis match interests me.) We use the -ing adjective to describe it. (interesting tennis match)

-ing adjectives of feelings can describe people (or animals):

                   I like Peter because he is interesting.

                   The dog doesn’t like to play it. It is very boring.

-ing adjectives of feelings can also describe things:

                   The movie was boring.

                   Bangkok was an exciting city.

ed adjectives of feeling: Meaning and use

I am very interested in tennis match.

Remember, the origin of the adjective “interested” is the verb “interest”.

An -ed adjective describes a person (or animal) who has the feeling.

Who is feeling the interest? It is me (tennis match interest me)

The -ed adjective describes my feeling. (I am very interested in tennis match)

-ed adjectives of feeling only describe people (or sometimes animals):

Peter is excited because he is going to Bangkok next week.

The dog was very excited when it saw Peter.

-ed adjectives of feeling do not describe things because things do not have feelings or emotions:

          The movie was bored. X

          Bangkok was an excited city. X

Summary of rules

To describe a thing:

We an -ing adjective to describe the source of a feeling.

          interesting movie, exciting city, boring film

Do not use an -ed adjective to describe a feeling for a thing.

To describe a person or sometimes (or sometimes an animal)

We use an -ing adjective if the person or animal is the source of a feeling

          interesting actor

          He is boring

          The dog is frightening.

We use an -ed adjectives if the person or animal is having the feeling.

          He is interested in biology.

          She is bored.

          The dog is frightened.

Students make mistakes because both -ing and -ed adjectives can be used for people and animals.

frightening
frightening

Both sentences are correct but the meaning is very different.

Is the person or animal the source of the feeling? (-ing)

Is the person or animal having the feeling? (-ed)

Common adjectives of feeling with -ing and -ed form

Here are the list of ING and ED of adjectives words examples to exercise:

-ing form             -ed form              verbs

amusing              amused               amuse

annoying             annoyed              annoy

boring                  bored                    bore

confusing             confused             confuse

disappointing      disappointed       disappoint

depressing          depressed           depress

exciting                excited                 excite

frustrating            frustrated            frustrate            

frightening           frightened            frighten

interesting           interested            interest

shocking             shocked              shock

surprising            surprised             surprise

tiring                    tired                     tire

worrying              worried                 worry

Use your dictionaries for the meaning of these words.

Downloadable Material

Here’s the downloadable material of ing Adjectives ending in ING and ED.

For more readings

If you have any questions or suggestions about Adjectives ending in ING and ED, please feel free to leave a comment below or send us a message using our contact page.

Leave a Reply