ing Verbs English Lesson and Exercises – ing Forms, Spelling Rules and Grammar

ing Verbs English Lesson and Exercises – ing Forms, Spelling Rules and Grammar

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They would be able to change the regular verbs by simply adding -ing to the infinitive or the base verb.

Watch the video here.

Verbs ending in silent -e: delete the -e and add -ing; Verbs ending in -ie; change the -ie to -y and add -ing; Verbs ending in a single vowel and a single consonant except (-w -x -y): For 1 syllable verbs; double the consonant and add -ing. If the final consonant is “w,” “x,” or “y,” don’t double it:

Verbs ending in a single vowel and a single consonant except (-w -x -y):

For 2 syllable verbs:If the 2nd syllable is stressed double the last consonant and add -ing. If the 1st syllable is stressed just add -ing.

Uses of the -ing verb form

All progressive tenses

  • Present progressive (I am eating)
  • Past progressive (they were dancing)
  • Future progressive (we will be coming soon)

Gerunds (verbs used as a noun)     

  • I hate ironing
  • Reading novels is my favorite hobby

As an Adjective

  • I have a long washing day.

-ing verbs – spelling (1)

Most verbs or regular verbs we simply add -ing to the infinitive or add

-ing to the base verb.

Examples:           cook – cooking

                             brush- brushing

                              eat – eating

-ing verbs – spelling (2)

Verbs ending in silent -e: delete the -e and add -ing

Examples:       dance – dancing

                        thrive – thriving

                        wave – waving

Verbs ending in -ie; change the -ie to -y and add -ing

Examples:       lie – lying

                        vie – vying

                        tie – tying

Verbs ending in -ee; add -ing

Examples:       see -seeing

                        free- freeing

-ing verbs – spelling (3)

Verbs ending in a single vowel and a single consonant except (-w -x -y):

For 1 syllable verbs; double the consonant and add -ing.

                                      mop – mopping

                                      cut – cutting

                                      hat – chatting

                                      stop – stopping

If the final consonant is “w,” “x,” or “y,” don’t double it:

                                sew – sewing

                                play – playing

                                fix    – fixing

                                row – rowing

-ing verbs – spelling (4)

Verbs sending in a single vowel and a single consonant except (-w -x -y):

          For 2 syllable verbs:

If the 2nd syllable is stressed double the last consonant and add -ing.

                                      admit – admitting

                           commit – committing

                                      incur – incurring

                                      prefer – preferring

If the 1st syllable is stressed just add -ing.

                                open – opening

enter – entering

swallow – swallowing

Exceptions for verbs ending in – l

In British English, for verbs ending in -l; double the -l and add -ing.

          Cancel – cancelling                 travel – travelling

American English, for verbs ending in -l; same rules as above.

Cancel – canceling                  travel – traveling

-ing verbs – spelling (5)

Verbs ending in c; add -king to infinitive.

                             panic – panicking

                             mimic – mimicking

Put the following verbs in the correct -ing form

1.start –                                  6. agree –                     

2. ride –                                  7. jog –

3. make –                                8. listen –

4. do –                                     9. answer –

5. free –                                   10. lie –

Answers:

1.start – starting                              6. agree – agreeing                        

2. ride – riding                                  7. jog – jogging

3. make – making                            8. listen – listening

4. do – doing                                    9. answer – answering

5. free -freeing                                 10. lie – lying

Downloadable Material

Here’s the downloadable material of ing verbs in English lesson and exercises.

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