Comparative Adjectives – English Grammar Lesson

Comparative Adjectives in Sentences – English Grammar Lesson and Exercises

In this complete tutorial about Comparative Adjectives English Grammar, learners are going to learn when and how to use them correctly.  This lesson also provides exercises to explain more about comparative adjectives and to use then in sentences. By the end of this discussion, you will find the downloadable materials to serve as your reference in the future.

Comparative adjectives are used to compare differences between the two objects they modify (longer, bigger, quicker, higher). They are used in sentences where two nouns are compared, in this pattern: Noun (subject) + verb + comparative adjective + than + noun (object).

Watch the full discussion of “Comparative Adjectives in English Grammar” video here to view how they were used in sentences and exercises.

Here are the Uses of Comparative Adjectives in Sentences:

Use of comparative adjectives 1

We use comparative adjectives to compare two or more things, people or places.

My house is bigger than yourhouse.

We use the word “than” after the comparative adjective and before the second thing that we are comparing with.

Use of comparative adjectives 2

We also use them to compare 1 thing, person or place at different times.

          Peter is more active than last year.

We use “than” after the comparative adjective to say what time period we are comparing with.

Form: One – syllable adjectives 1

          For most one – syllable adjectives:

We add -er

Adjective            Comparative adjective

small                             smaller

fair                                 fairer

low                                 lower

high                               higher

wise                               wiser

                My brother is taller than me.

When we use a personal pronoun after a comparative, we use an object pronoun (me, you, him, her, it, us, them).

Form: One – syllable adjectives 2

For one – syllable adjectives ending in “e

We add – “r”

Adjective            Comparative adjective

          large                              larger

          rare                                rarer

          strange                         stranger

          wide                              wider

          late                                later

Gold is rarer than silver.

Form: One – syllable adjectives 3

For one – syllable adjectives ending in a consonant, vowel consonant:

We double the last consonant and add -er.

Adjective            Comparative adjective

big                                 bigger

fat                                  fatter

hot                                 hotter

thin                                thinner

Thailand is hotter than Philippines.

Form: Two – syllable adjectives 1

For most two – syllable adjectives:

We use “more” + adjective

Adjective            Comparative adjective

          careful                 more careful      

          famous                more famous

          peaceful              more peaceful

          pleasant              more pleasant

          useful                  more useful        

I lost my keys yesterday. I need to be more careful.

Form: Two – syllable adjectives 2

Two – syllable adjective ending in “y”

We change the “y” to “I” and add – er

adjective            Comparative adjective

          busy                              busier

          easy                              easier

          funny                             funnier

          happy                            happier

The final exam was easier than midterm.

Form: Two – syllable adjectives 3

Two – syllable adjectives ending in “er “le” or “ow’

We usually add–er.

adjective            Comparative adjective

          clever                            cleverer

          gentle                            gentler

          narrow                           narrower

The bridge in the small village is narrower than the other village.

Form: Longer adjectives

Adjectives with three or more syllables:

We always use “more” + adjective

adjective            Comparative adjective

          complicated        more complicated

          enjoyable            more enjoyable

          interesting           more interesting

Tim finds tennis match more enjoyable than football.

Form: Irregular comparative adjectives

Some comparative adjectives are irregular:

adjective            Comparative adjective

          good                              better

          bad                                worse

          far                                  further/ farther

          old                                 older/ elder

My house is further than my friends.

Our teacher is in a much better mood than usual.

So that’s the end of this lesson hope this helps and try practice using comparative adjectives correctly.

Downloadable Material

Here’s the downloadable material of Tutorial on Comparative Adjectives English Grammar Lesson here.

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